When a certain integer value is converted to the binary representation in which a

negative value is expressed as its two’s complement, the lowest two bits are “11.”

Which of the following statements is true for the remainder that is produced when that

integer value, in the decimal representation, is divided by 4? Here, assume that the

decimal portion of the absolute value of the quotient of the division operation has been

truncated.

a) The remainder is 3 if the integer value is positive.

b) The remainder is 3 if the integer value is negative.

c) The remainder is −3 if the integer value is negative.

d) The remainder is 0, regardless of whether the integer value is positive or negative.